Current lab members

Julie Louvrier (PhD 2015-2018) is evaluating and developing occupancy models for assessing the distribution of large carnivores in Europe (wolf, lynx). This is joint work with Christophe Duchamp and Eric Marboutin from ONCFS (France) and John Linnell from NINA (Norway).

Gilles Maurer (PhD 2015-2018) is studying the interactions between the wild and semi-captive pools of Asian elephants within an interdisciplinary framework (demography, economy, ethno-ecology, population genetics) – check out the NGO ElefantAsia. This is joint work with Baptiste Mulot from Beauval Nature, Finn Kjellberg and Nicolas Lescureux from CEFE.

Nina Santostasi (PhD 2016-2019) is developing demographic models for studying hybridizing species. As case studies, she’s considering dolphins in the Gulf of Corinth in Greece (with Giovanni Bearzi and Silvia Bonizzoni from Dolphin Biology and Conservation) and wolves in Italy (with Paolo Ciucci from University of Rome - La Sapienza).

Hélène Labach (PhD 2016-2019) from GIS3M is working on the conservation of bottlenose dolphins in the North-Western Mediterranean Sea. Her work relies on the data collected through the GDEGeM project.

Lorena Mansilla (PhD 2016-2019) is developing demographic tools for social species with wolves, dolphins and elephant seals as case studies. She is using spatially-explicit capture-recapture models, social networks, cluster analyses and integrated population models.

Sarah Bauduin (post-doc 2018) is building spatially-explicit agent-based models to assess the viability of Eurasian lynx in France. The development of an R package is also on her plate.

Loreleï Guéry (post-doc 2016-2018) is studying the dynamics of lynx populations in Switzerland using spatially-explicit capture-recapture models. This is joint work with Fridolin Zimmermann from KORA.

Vincenzo Gervasi (post-doc 2017-2019) is using an interdisciplinary approach to understand coexistence patterns and build trans-boundary management tools for coexistence between large carnivores and human activities in Europe. This is joint work with John Linnell from NINA (Norway) and Luigi Boitani from University of Rome - La Sapienza.

Lucile Marescot (post-doc 2017-2019) is developing multi-species demographic and capture-recapture models for large carnivores. This is a collaboration with Christophe Duchamp and Eric Marboutin from ONCFS (France).

Valentin Lauret (intern 2017) co-supervised with Julie Louvrier is working on the distribution of wolves in France trying to account for species misidentification. This is joint work with Christophe Duchamp and Eric Marboutin from ONCFS (France).

Marianne Coste (intern 2017) co-supervised with Nicolas Lescureux from CEFE is studying the public perception of interactions between humans and dolphins.

Guillaume Chero (intern 2017) co-supervised with Claire Garrigue from IRD and Roger Pradel is estimating the interval between two births in whales using capture-recapture models.

Former lab members

Blaise Piédallu - PhD (2013-2016) an integrated approach for managing human-wildlife conflicts with the Pyrenean brown bear population as a case study (joint work with Pierre-Yves Quenette from ONCFS). Blaise is back to the university to learn how to be a teacher.

Laetitia Blanc - PhD (2012-2016), ATER (2016) Conservation of lynx in France using spatially-explicit individual-based models (joint work with Stephanie Kramer-Schadt from IZW and Eric Marboutin from ONCFS). Laetitia is back to the university to learn how to be a teacher.

Paméla Lagrange - PhD (2011-2015) Drivers of survival and dispersal in Tree Swallows using capture-recapture data (joint work with Marc Bélisle at Sherbrooke). Pam is working in a NGO.

Tamar Lok - Post-doc (2015-2017) - Integrated population models combining colour-banding, tracking and count data to assess within- and between-individual variation in different aspects of migratory behaviour of the Eurasian Spoonbill and the Red Knot. Tamar is back to the Netherlands where she is a researcher.

Julien Papaïx - Post-doc (2014) - Impact of global change on the population dynamics of Atlantic salmons (joint work with Etienne Prévost). Now a permanent researcher at INRA.

Fitsum Abadi - Post-doc (2012) - Integrated population modelling. Post-doc in SA, lecturer in SA, now assistant professor in the US, New Mexico State University.

Guillaume Péron - Post-doc (2010) - Spatial heterogeneity in Eurasian woodcock survival. Post-doc in the US, contractual researcher with ONCFS and French National Parks, post-doc in the US, now a permanent researcher at CNRS.

Sabrina Servanty - Post-doc (2008-2009) - Dynamic of exploited populations with wild boar as a case study. Post-doc in the US, post-doc in St-Pée/Nivelle on the Côte Basque.

Elena Papadatou - Post-doc (2009) - Environmental variation and population dynamics of bats. Environmental expert in Greece.

Marlène Gamelon - PhD (2011-2013) - Environmental variation and reproduction tactics (joint work with Jean-Michel Gaillard and Eric Baubet). Post-doc in Norway.

Lucile Marescot - PhD (2010-2012) - Modelling the recolonization of wolves in France (joint work with Eric Marboutin and Guillaume Chapron). Post-doc in NZ and the US, now post-doc in Germany.

Sarah Cubaynes - PhD (2009-2011) - Capture-recapture mixed models (joint work with Christian Lavergne). Post-doc in Oxford, post-doc with us, now assistant professor in France, Montpellier University.

Mathieu Buoro - PhD (2010-2012) - Evolutionary ecology in the wild using mark-recapture data in Atlantic salmons (joint work with Etienne Prévost). Post-doc at Berkeley, then in Toulouse. Now a permanent researcher at INRA.

François Guilhaumon - PhD (2008-2010) - Analysis of biodiversity patterns at large scale and conservation biogeography (joint work with David Mouillot). Now a permanent researcher at IRD.

A list of my former Master students is available here.

Following my recent attempt to fit a HMM model to capture-recapture data with TMB and the rather estonishing outcome (the code was > 300 time faster than the equivalent R code!), I was curious to add TMB to the list of options I tried to fit dynamic occupancy models. Well, the least I can say is that TMB is fast, damn fast!


Following my attempts to fit a HMM model to capture-recapture data with Rcpp and to occupancy data with ADMB, a few colleagues suggested TMB as a potential alternative for several reasons (fast, allows for parallel computations, works with R, accomodates spatial stuff, easy implementation of random effects, and probably other reasons that I don’t know).


Over the years (age privilege), I sat on several hiring committees for French universities and research institutes. I also have students who are now in the position to apply for such positions. It had me thinking about what works and what doesn’t work in job applications and interviews. Here are my 2 cents suggestions.


Following my previous post on using ADMB to fit hidden Markov models, I took some time to learn how to use Rcpp (Eddelbuettel & Francois 2011; Eddelbuettel 2013), a package that gives friendly access to the power of C++ and increase the speed of your R programs. Kudos to Dirk Eddelbuettel, Romain Francois and their colleagues, Rcpp is awesome!


Some time ago, a student of mine got stuck when fitting dynamic occupancy models to real data in Jags because of the computational burden.



Human-dolphin interactions

Combining ecology and social sciences to study interactions between human activities and bottlenose dolphins in the French Mediterranean sea. More here (in French).

Large carnivores management

Monitoring and management of large carnivores in Europe.

Multispecies demography

Developing mltispecies demography to assess the effects of climate and management on community dynamics. More here.

Statistical ecology

Developing, communicating and teaching methods and models for ecology and conservation biology.


  1. Lieury N., Devillard S., Besnard A., Gimenez O., Hameau O., Ponchon C., Millon A. (2017). Designing cost-effective capture-recapture surveys for improving the monitoring of survival in bird populations. Biological Conservation. 214: 233-241
  2. Lagrange P., Gimenez O., Doligez B., Pradel R., Garant D., Pelletier F., Bélisle M. (2017). Assessment of individual and conspecific reproductive success as determinants of breeding dispersal of female tree swallows: A capture-recapture approach. Ecology and Evolution. doi:10.1002/ece3.3241
  3. Louvrier, J., C. Duchamp, V. Lauret, E. Marboutin, S. Cubaynes, R. Choquet, C. Miquel, O. Gimenez (2017). Mapping and explaining wolf recolonization in France using dynamic occupancy models and opportunistic data. Ecography. 40: 001-013
  4. Piédallu, B., P.-Y. Quenette, N. Bombillon, A. Gastineau, C. Miquel, O. Gimenez (2017). Determinants and patterns of habitat use by the brown bear Ursus arctos in the French Pyrenees revealed by occupancy modelling. Oryx. doi:10.1017/S0030605317000321
  5. Gimenez, O. and C. Barbraud (2017). Dealing with many correlated covariates in capture-recapture models. Population Ecology. DOI 10.1007/s10144-017-0586-1
  6. Santostasi, N.L., S. Bonizzoni, G. Bearzi, L. Eddy, O. Gimenez (2016). A Robust Design Capture-Recapture Analysis of Abundance, Survival and Temporary Emigration of Three Odontocete Species in the Gulf of Corinth, Greece. Plos One. 11(12): e0166650
  7. Kazakou, E., G. Fried, J. Richarte, O. Gimenez, C. Violle and A. Metay (2016). A plant trait-based response-and-effect framework to assess vineyard inter-row soil management. Botany Letters. 163: 373-388
  8. Péron, G., J.-M. Gaillard, C. Barbraud, C. Bonenfant, A. Charmantier, R. Choquet, T. Coulson, V. Grosbois, A. Loison, G. Marzolin, N. Owen-Smith, D. Pardo, F. Plard, R. Pradel, C. Toïgo, O. Gimenez (2016). Evidence of reduced individual heterogeneity in adult survival of long-lived species. Evolution. 70: 2909-2914
  9. Abadi, F., C. Barbraud, O. Gimenez (2017). Integrated population modeling reveals the impact of climate on survival of juvenile emperor penguin. Global Change Biology. 23: 1353-1359
  10. McCrea, R.S., B.J.T. Morgan, O. Gimenez (2016). A new strategy for diagnostic model assessment in capture-recapture. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C. In press. 10.1111/rssc.12197
  11. Tidière, M., J.-M. Gaillard, V. Berger, D.W.H. Müller, L. Bingaman Lackey, O. Gimenez, M. Clauss and J.-F. Lemaître (2016). Comparative analyses of longevity and senescence reveal variable survival benefits of living in zoos across mammals. Scientific Reports. 6: 36361.
  12. Bearzi, G., S. Bonizzoni, N.L. Santostasi, N.B. Furey, L. Eddy, V.D. Valavanis, O. Gimenez (2016). Dolphins in a Scaled-Down Mediterranean: The Gulf of Corinth’s Odontocetes. Advances in Marine Biology. 75: 297-331
  13. Soldatini, C., Y.V. Albores-Barajas, B. Massa and O. Gimenez (2016). Forecasting ocean warming impacts on seabird demography: a case study on the European storm petrel. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 552: 255–269.
  14. Gervasi, V., Brøseth, H, Gimenez, O., Nilsen, E.B., Odden, J., Flagstad, O. and J.D.C. Linnell (2016). Sharing data improves monitoring of trans-boundary populations: the case of wolverines in central Scandinavia. Wildlife Biology. 22: 95–106.
  15. Piédallu, B., Quenette, P.-Y., Mounet, C., Lescureux, N., Borelli-Massines, M., Dubarry, E., Camarra, J.-J. & Gimenez, O. (2016). Spatial variation in public attitudes towards brown bears in the French Pyrénées. Biological Conservation. 197: 90–97.
  16. Boulenger, C., A. Acou, O. Gimenez, F. Charrier, J. Tremblay & E. Feunteun (2016). Factors underlying survival of yellow European eels in two unexploited eel sub-populations. Freshwater Biology. 61: 947-962
  17. Gager, Y., O. Gimenez, M. Teage O’Mara and Dina K.N. Dechmann (2016) Group size, survival and surprisingly short lifespan in socially foraging bats. BMC Ecology. 16:2
  18. C.A. Bost, C. Cotté, P. Terray, C. Barbraud, C. Bon, K. Delord, O. Gimenez, Y. Handrich, Y. Naito, C. Guinet, H. Weimerskirch (2015). Large-scale climatic anomalies affect marine predator foraging behaviour and demography. Nature Communications. 6: 8220
  19. Tidière, M., J.-M. Gaillard, D.W.H. Müller, L. Bingaman Lackey, O. Gimenez, M. Clauss, J.-F. Lemaître (2015). Does sexual selection shape sex-differences in longevity and senescence patterns across vertebrates? A review and new insights from captive ruminants. Evolution. 69: 3123–3140
  20. Mouquet, N., Lagadeuc, Y., Devictor, V., Doyen, L., Duputié, A., Eveillard, D., Faure, D., Garnier, E., Gimenez, O., Huneman, P., Jabot, F., Jarne, P., Joly, D., Julliard, R., Kéfi, S., Kergoat, G. J., Lavorel, S., Le Gall, L., Meslin, L., Morand, S., Morin, X., Morlon, H., Pinay, G., Pradel, R., Schurr, F. M., Thuiller, W., Loreau, M. (2015). Predictive ecology in a changing world. Journal of Applied Ecology. 52: 1293–1310
  21. Gamelon, M., Gaillard, J.-M., Gimenez, O., Coulson, T., Tuljapurkar, S., Baubet, E. (2016). Linking demographic responses and life history tactics from longitudinal data in mammals. Oikos. 125: 395–404.
  22. Karamanlidis, A.A., M. de Gabriel Hernando, L. Krambokoukis, O. Gimenez (2015). Evidence of a large carnivore population recovery: counting bears in Greece. Journal for Nature Conservation. 27: 10-17
  23. Bischof, R., H. Broseth, O. Gimenez (2016). Wildlife in a politically divided world: insularism inflates estimates of brown bear abundance. Conservation Letters. 9: 122–130
  24. Gimenez, O., Buckland, S.T., Morgan, B.J.T., Bez, N., Bertrand, S., Choquet, R., Dray, S., Etienne, M.-P., Fewster, R., Gosselin, F., Mérigot, B., Monestiez, P., Morales, J., Mortier, F., Munoz, F., Ovaskainen, O., Pavoine, S., Pradel, R., Schurr, F.M., Thomas, L., Thuiller, W., Trenkel, V., de Valpine P., E. Rexstad (2015). Statistical ecology comes of age. Biology Letters. 10: 20140698. Data and R codes.
  25. Tidière, M., J.-M. Gaillard, D.W.H. Müller, L. Bingaman Lackey, O. Gimenez, M. Clauss, J.-F. Lemaître (2014). Males do not senesce faster in large herbivores with highly seasonal rut. Experimental Gerontology. 60: 167–172
  26. Koons, D.N., F. Colchero, K. Hersey, and O. Gimenez (2015). Disentangling the effects of climate, density dependence, and harvest on an iconic large herbivore’s population dynamics. Ecological Applications 25: 956–967
  27. Gervasi, V., Brøseth, H., Gimenez, O., Nilsen, E., Linnell, J. (2014). The risks of learning: confounding detection and demographic trend when using count-based indices for population monitoring. Ecology and Evolution. 4: 4637–4648.
  28. Gamelon, M., Gimenez, O., Baubet, E., Coulson, T., Tuljapurkar, S., Gaillard, J.-M. (2014). Influence of Life-History Tactics on Transient Dynamics: A Comparative Analysis across Mammalian Populations. The American Naturalist 184: 673-683
  29. Barnagaud, J.Y., Papaïx, J., Gimenez, O., Svenning, J.-C. (2014). Dynamic spatial interactions between the native invader Brown-headed Cowbird and its hosts - a metacommunity approach. Diversity and Distributions. 21: 511-522
  30. Orgeret, F, Garrigue, C., Gimenez, O., Pradel, R. (2014). Robust assessment of population trends in marine mammals applied to the New Caledonia Humpback Whales. Marine Ecology Progress Series 515: 265–273
  31. Koons, D.N., M. Gamelon, J.-M. Gaillard, L.M. Aubry, R.F. Rockwell, F. Klein, R. Choquet and O. Gimenez (2014). Methods for Studying Cause-Specific Senescence in the Wild. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5: 924-933
  32. Gamelon, M., S. Focardi, J.-M. Gaillard, O. Gimenez, C. Bonenfant, B. Franzetti, R. Choquet, F. Ronchi, E. Baubet, J.-F. Lemaître. (2014). Do age-specific survival patterns of wild boar fit current evolutionary theories of senescence? Evolution. 68: 3636–3643
  33. Blanc, L., E. Marboutin, S. Gatti, F. Zimmermann and O. Gimenez (2014). Improving abundance estimation by combining capture-recapture and occupancy data: example with a large carnivore. Journal of Applied Ecology. 51: 1733–1739
  34. Gimenez, O., L. Blanc, A. Besnard, R. Pradel, P. F. Doherty Jr, E. Marboutin and R. Choquet (2014). Fitting occupancy models with E-SURGE: hidden-Markov modelling of presence-absence data. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 5: 592–597. Wiki.
  35. Lee, K.A., C. Huveneers, O. Gimenez, V. Peddemors, R.G. Harcourt (2014). To catch or to sight? A comparison of demographic parameter estimates obtained from mark-recapture and mark-resight models. Biodiversity and Conservation. 23: 2781-2800
  36. Soldatini, C., Y. V. Albores-Barajas, B. Massa and O. Gimenez (2014). Climate Driven Life Histories: The Case of the Mediterranean Storm Petrel. Plos One 9: e94526
  37. Santin-Janin, H., B. Hugueny, P. Aubry, D. Fouchet, O. Gimenez and D. Pontier (2014). Accounting for Sampling Error When Inferring Population Synchrony from Time-Series Data: A Bayesian State-Space Modelling Approach with Applications. Plos One 9: e87084
  38. Hardouin, L. A., A. Robert, M. Nevoux, O. Gimenez, F. Lacroix and Y. Hingrat (2014). Meteorological conditions influence short-term survival and dispersal in a reinforced bird population. Journal of Applied Ecology. 51: 1494–1503
  39. Desprez M., Harcourt R., Hindell M.A., Cubaynes S., Gimenez O., McMahon C.R. (2014). Age-specific cost of first reproduction in female southern elephant seals. Biology Letters 10: 20140264.
  40. Cubaynes, S. C. Lavergne, O. Gimenez (2014). Fitting animal survival models with temporal random effects. Environmental and Ecological Statistics 21: 599–610. Codes.
  41. Lagrange, P., R. Pradel, M. Bélisle, O. Gimenez (2014). Estimating dispersal among numerous sites using capture-recapture data. Ecology. 95: 2316-2323
  42. Souchay, G., O. Gimenez, G. Gauthier, R. Pradel (2014). Variations in Band Reporting Rate and Implications for Kill Rate in Greater Snow Geese. Avian Conservation and Ecology. 9: 1
  43. Le Saout, S., S. Chollet, S. Chamaille-Jammes, L. Blanc, S. Padié, T. Verchère, J.A. Gaston, M. Gillingham, O. Gimenez, K.L. Parker, D. Picot, H. Verheyden, J.-L. Martin (2014). Understanding the Paradox of Deer Persisting at High Abundance in Heavily Browsed Habitats. Wildlife Biology. 20: 122-135
  44. Millon, A., S.J. Petty, B. Little, O. Gimenez, T. Cornulier, X. Lambin (2014). Deleterious effect of dampening prey cycle overrides the impact of climate change on predator dynamics: a long term demographic study on tawny owls. Global Change Biology. 20: 1770–1781
  45. Cole, D., B.J.T. Morgan, R.S. McCrea, R. Pradel, O. Gimenez, R. Choquet (2014). Does Your Species Have Memory? Analysing Capture-Recapture Data with Memory Models. Ecology and Evolution. 4: 2124–2133
  46. Abadi, F., C. Barbraud, D. Besson, J. Bried, P.-A. Crochet, K. Delord, J. Forcada, V. Grosbois, R. A. Phillipse, P. Sagar, P. Thompson, S. Waugh, H. Weimerskirch, A.G. Wood, O. Gimenez (2014). Importance of accounting for phylogenetic dependence in multi-species mark–recapture studies. Ecological Modelling. 273: 236-241.
  47. Frederiksen, M., Lebreton, J.-D., Pradel, R., Choquet, R. and O. Gimenez (2014). Identifying links between vital rates and environment: a toolbox for the applied ecologist. Journal of Applied Ecology. 51: 71-81.
  48. Marescot, L., Chapron, G., Chadès, I., Fackler, P., Duchamp, C., Marboutin, E. and O. Gimenez (2013). Complex decisions made simple: A primer on stochastic dynamic programming. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 4: 872-884. Codes.
  49. Gamelon, M., M. Douhard, E. Baubet, O. Gimenez, S Brandt and J.-M. Gaillard (2013). Fluctuating food resources influence developmental plasticity in wild boar. Biology Letters 9: 20130419
  50. Desprez, M., McMahon, C., Hindell, M., Harcourt, R. and O. Gimenez (2013). Known unknowns in an imperfect world: incorporating uncertainty in recruitment estimates using multi-event capture-recapture models. Ecology and Evolution 3: 4658-4668
  51. Desprez, M., Crivelli, A.J., Lebel I., Massez G. and O. Gimenez (2013). Demographic assessment of a stocking experiment in European Eels. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 22: 412-420
  52. Lamy, T., O. Gimenez, J.-P. Pointier, P. Jarne and P. David (2013). Metapopulation dynamics of species with cryptic life stages. The American Naturalist 181: 479-491. Codes.
  53. Madon, B., C. Garrigue, R. Pradel, O. Gimenez (2013). Transience in the humpback whale population of New Caledonia and implications for abundance estimation. Marine Mammal Science 29: 669-678. Codes.
  54. Gamelon, M., J.-M. Gaillard, E. Baubet, S. Devillard, L. Say, S. Brandt & O. Gimenez (2013). The relationship between phenotypic variation among offspring and mother body mass in wild boar: Evidence of coin-flipping? Journal of Animal Ecology 82: 937-945.
  55. Choquet, R., A. Sanz-Aguilar, B. Doligez, E. Nogué, R. Pradel, L. Gustafsson and O. Gimenez (2013). Estimating demographic parameters from capture-recapture data with dependence among individuals within clusters. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 4: 474-482.
  56. Péron, G., Y. Ferrand, G. Leray and O. Gimenez (2013). Waterbird demography as indicator of wetland health: The French-wintering common snipe population. Biological Conservation. 164: 123-128
  57. Bolker, B., Gardner, B., Maunder, M., Berg, C., Brooks, M., Comita, L., Crone, E., Cubaynes, S., Davies, T., de Valpine, P., Ford, J., Gimenez, O., Kéry, M., Kim, E., Lennert-Cody, C., Magnusson, A., Martell, S., Nash, J., Nielsen, A., Regetz, J., Skaug, H., Zipkin, E. (2013). Strategies for fitting nonlinear ecological models in R, AD Model Builder, and BUGS. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 4: 501-512. Website.
  58. Praud, A., O. Gimenez, G. Zanella, N. Pozzi, V. Antras, L. Meyer, B. Garin-Bastuji (2013). Evaluation of five serological tests for the diagnosis of porcine brucellosis in French Polynesia. Trop Anim Health Prod 45: 933-936
  59. Bellan, S., O. Gimenez, R. Choquet and W. Getz (2012). A Hierarchical Distance Sampling Approach to Estimating Mortality Rates from Opportunistic Carcass Surveillance Data. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 4: 361-369
  60. de Villemereuil, P., Gimenez, O., Doligez, B. (2012). Comparing parent-offspring regression with Frequentist and Bayesian animal models to estimate heritability in wild populations: a simulation study for Gaussian and binary traits. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 4: 260-275. Codes.
  61. Cam, E., O. Gimenez, R. Alpizar-Jara, L. M. Aubry, M. Authier, E. G. Cooch, D. N. Koons, W. A. Link, J.-Y. Monnat, J. D. Nichols, J. J. Rotella, J. A. Royle, R. Pradel (2013). Looking for a needle in a haystack: inference about individual fitness components in a heterogeneous population. Oikos 122: 739-753.
  62. Lebreton, J.-D. and O. Gimenez (2013). Detecting and estimating density-dependence in wildlife populations. Journal of Widlife Management 77: 12-23.
  63. Gimenez, O., Abadi, F., Barnagaud, J.-Y., Blanc, L., Buoro, M., Cubaynes, S., Desprez, M., Gamelon, M., Guilhaumon, F., Lagrange, P., Madon, B., Marescot, L., Papadatou, E., Papaïx, J., Péron, G., Servanty, S. (2013). How can quantitative ecology be attractive to young scientists? Balancing computer/desk work with field work. Animal Conservation 16: 134-136.
  64. Bergeron, P., Montiglio, P.-O., Reale, D., Humphries, M., Gimenez, O. and D. Garant (2013). Disruptive viability selection on adult exploratory behavior in eastern chipmunks. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26: 766-774.
  65. Blanc, L., E. Marboutin, S. Gatti, O. Gimenez (2013). Abundance of rare and elusive species: empirical investigation of closed vs. spatially explicit capture-recapture models with Lynx as a case study. Journal of Wildlife Management 77: 372-378.
  66. Pettex, E., S.-H. Lorentsen, D. Grémillet, O. Gimenez, R.T. Barrett, J.-B. Pons, C. Le Bohec and F. Bonadonna (2012). Multi-scale foraging variability in northern gannet (Morus bassanus) fuels potential foraging plasticity. Marine Biology 159: 2743-2756
  67. Bauduin, S., J. Martin, H.H. Edwards, O. Gimenez, S. Koslovsky and D. Fagan (2012). An index of risk of co-occurrence between marine mammals and watercrafts: example of the Florida manatee. Biological Conservation 159: 127-136
  68. Charpentier, M.J.E., Huchard, E., Widdig, A., Gimenez, O., Sallé, B., Kappelee, P. and J.P. Renoult (2012). Distribution of affiliative behavior accross kin classes and their fitness consequences in mandrills. Ethology 118: 1198-1207
  69. Gimenez, O., Lebreton, J.-D., Gaillard, J.-M., Choquet, R. and R. Pradel (2012). Estimating demographic parameters using hidden process dynamic models. Theoretical Population Biology 82: 307-316. Codes.
  70. Buoro, M., E. Prévost, O. Gimenez (2012). Digging through model complexity: using hierarchical models to uncover evolutionary processes in the wild. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25: 2077-2090
  71. Hardouin, L. A., M. Nevoux, A. Robert, O. Gimenez and Y. Hingrat (2012). Determinisms and costs of natal dispersal in a lekking species. Oïkos 121: 804-812
  72. Gamelon, M., Gaillard, J.-M., S. Servanty, O. Gimenez, C. Toïgo, E. Baubet, F. Klein, J.-D. Lebreton (2012). Making use of harvest information to examine alternative management scenarios: a body weight-structured model for wild boar. Journal of Applied Ecology 49: 833-841.
  73. Libois, E., O. Gimenez, D. Oro, E. Mínguez, R. Pradel, A. Sanz-Aguilar (2012). Nest boxes: A successful management tool for the conservation of an endangered seabird. Biological Conservation 155: 39-43.
  74. Abadi, F., O. Gimenez, H. Jakobere, W. Stauberf, R. Arlettaz and M. Schaub (2012). Estimating the strength of density dependence in the presence of observation errors using integrated population models. Ecological Modelling 242: 1-9.
  75. Lebreton, J.-D., R. Choquet and O. Gimenez (2012). Simple estimation and test procedures in capture-mark-recapture mixed models. Biometrics 68: 494-503.
  76. Cubaynes, S., C. Lavergne, E. Marboutin, and O. Gimenez (2012). Assessing individual heterogeneity using model selection criteria: How many mixture components in capture-recapture models? Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3: 564-573. Codes.
  77. Frank, B., O. Gimenez and P. Baret (2012). Assessing brown trout spawning movements with multistate capture-recapture models: a case study in a fully-controlled Belgian brook. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 69: 1091-1104
  78. Péron, G., Y. Ferrand, F. Gossmann, C. Bastat, M. Guenezan and O. Gimenez (2012). Spatial heterogeneity in mortality and its impact on the population dynamics of Eurasian woodcocks. Population Ecology 54: 305-312
  79. Cubaynes, S, C. Doutrelant, A. Gregoire, P. Perret, B. Faivre, and O. Gimenez (2012). Testing hypotheses in evolutionary ecology with imperfect detection: Structural equation modeling of mark-recapture data. Ecology 93: 248-255. Codes.
  80. Gimenez, O., T. Anker-Nilssen and V. Grosbois (2012). Exploring causal pathways in demographic parameter variation: Path analysis of mark-recapture data. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3: 427-432. Codes.
  81. Choquet, R. and O. Gimenez (2012). Towards built-in capture-recapture mixed models in program E-SURGE. Journal of Ornithology 152: 625-639.
  82. Marescot, L., O. Gimenez, C. Duchamp, E. Marboutin and G. Chapron (2012). Reducing matrix population models with application to social animal species. Ecological Modelling 232: 91-96
  83. Papadatou, E., R. Pradel, M. Schaub, D. Dolch, H. Geiger, C. Ibañez, G. Kerth, A. Popa-Lisseanu, W. Schorcht, J. Teubner and O. Gimenez (2012). Comparing survival among species with imperfect detection using multilevel analysis of mark-recapture data: a case study on bats. Ecography 35: 153-161. Codes.
  84. Praud, A., O. Gimenez, G. Zanella, B. Dufour, N. Pozzi, V. Antras, L. Meyer, B. Garin-Bastuji (2012). Estimation of sensitivity and specificity of five serological tests for the diagnosis of porcine brucellosis. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 104: 94-100
  85. Archaux, F., P.-Y. Henry and O. Gimenez (2012). When can we ignore the problem of imperfect detection in comparative studies? Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3: 188-194. Codes.
  86. Caniglia, R., E. Fabbri, S. Cubaynes, O. Gimenez, J.-D. Lebreton and E. Randi (2012). An improved procedure to estimate wolf abundance using non-invasive genetic sampling and capture-recapture mixture models. Conservation Genetics 13: 53-64
  87. Fletcher, D., Lebreton, J.-D., Marescot, L., Schaub, M., Gimenez, O., Slooten, E. and S. Dawson (2012). Bias in estimation of adult survival and asymptotic population growth rate caused by undetected capture heterogeneity. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3: 206-216
  88. Buoro, M., O. Gimenez and E. Prévost (2011). Assessing adaptive phenotypic plasticity by means of conditional strategies from empirical data: The latent environmental threshold model. Evolution 66: 996-1009. Codes.
  89. Gamelon, M., A. Besnard, J.-M. Gaillard, S. Servanty, E. Baubet, S. Brandt and O. Gimenez (2011). High hunting pressure selects for earlier birth data: Wild boar as a case study. Evolution 65: 3100-3112
  90. Marescot, L., Pradel, R., Duchamp, C. Cubaynes, S., Marboutin, E., Choquet, R. Miquel, C. and O. Gimenez (2011). Capture-recapture population growth rate as a robust tool against detection heterogeneity for population management. Ecological Applications 21: 2898-2907
  91. Péron, G., Y. Ferrand, F. Gossmann, C. Bastat, M. Guenezan and O. Gimenez (2011). Escape migration decisions in Eurasian Woodcocks: insights from survival analyses using large-scale recovery data. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65: 1949-1955
  92. Charmantier, A., M. Buoro, O. Gimenez and H. Weimerskirch (2011). Heritability of short-scale natal dispersal in a large-scale foraging bird, the wandering albatross. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24: 1487-1496. Codes.
  93. Desprez, M. R. Pradel, E. Cam, J.-Y. Monnat and O. Gimenez (2011). Now you see him, now you don’t: Experience, not age, is related to reproduction in Kittiwakes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 278: 3060-3066.
  94. Madon, B., O. Gimenez, B. McArdle, C. Baker and C. Garrigue (2011). A New Method For Estimating Animal Abundance with Two Sources of Data in Capture-Recapture Studies. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2: 390-400
  95. Nevoux, M., O. Gimenez, M. Nicoll, D. Arlt, C. Jones and K. Norris (2011). Population regulation of territorial species: both site-dependence and interference mechanisms matter. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 278: 2173-2181
  96. Péron, G., Y. Ferrand, F. Gossmann, C. Bastat, M. Guenezan and O. Gimenez (2011). Nonparametric spatial regression of survival probability: visualization of population sinks in Eurasian Woodcock. Ecology 92: 1672-1679
  97. Servanty, S., J.-M. Gaillard, Ronchi, F., Focardi, S., Baubet E. & O. Gimenez (2011). Influence of harvesting pressure on demographic tactics: implications for wildlife management. Journal of Applied Ecology 48: 835–843
  98. Fontaine, R., O. Gimenez and J. Bried (2011). The impact of introduced predators, light-induced mortality of fledglings and poaching on the dynamics of the Cory’s shearwater (Calonectris diomedea) population from the Azores, northeastern subtropical Atlantic. Biological Conservation 144: 1998–2011
  99. Marzolin, G., A. Charmantier and O. Gimenez (2011). Frailty in state-space models: application to actuarial senescence in the dipper. Ecology 92: 562-567. Codes.
  100. Cubaynes, S., P. F. Doherty Jr, E. A. Schreiber, R. W. Schreiber and O. Gimenez (2011). To breed or not to breed: seabirds response to extreme climatic events. Biology Letters 7: 303-306.
  101. Papadatou, E. Ibáñez, C., Pradel, R. Juste, J. and O. Gimenez (2011). Assessing survival in a multi-population system: a case study on bat populations. Oecologia 165: 925-933. Codes.
  102. Barnagaud, J.-Y., Crochet, P.-A., Magnani, Y., Bernard-Laurent, A., Menoni, E., Novoa, C. and O. Gimenez (2011). Short-term response to the North Atlantic Oscillation but no long-term effects of climate change on the reproductive success of an alpine bird. Journal of Ornithology 152: 631-641.
  103. McCrea, R. S., B.J.T. Morgan, O. Gimenez, P. Besbeas, J.-D. Lebreton and T. Bregnballe (2010). Multi-site Integrated Population Modelling. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics 15: 539-561.
  104. Papaïx, J., S. Cubaynes, M. Buoro, A. Charmantier, P. Perret and O. Gimenez (2010). Combining capture–recapture data and pedigree information to assess heritability of demographic parameters in the wild. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23: 2176-2184. Codes.
  105. Servanty, S., R. Choquet, E. Baubet, S. Brandt, J.-M. Gaillard, M. Schaub, C. Toïgo, J.-D. Lebreton, M. Buoro and O. Gimenez (2010). Assessing whether mortality is additive using marked animals: a Bayesian state-space modeling approach. Ecology 91: 1916–1923. Codes.
  106. Besnard, A., Novoa, C. and O. Gimenez (2010). Hunting impact on Pyrenean gray partridge population dynamics. Wildlife Biology 16: 135-143.
  107. Buoro, M., Prévost, E. and O. Gimenez (2010). Investigating evolutionary trade-offs in wild populations of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): incorporating detection probabilities and individual heterogeneity. Evolution 64: 2629-2642.
  108. Schaub, M. Aebischer, A. Gimenez, O., Berger, S. and R. Arlettaz (2010). Massive immigration balances high anthropogenic induced mortality in a stable eagle owl population: lessons for conservation. Biological Conservation 143: 1911–1918.
  109. Guilhaumon, F., Mouillot, D. and O. Gimenez (2010). mmSAR: an R-package for multimodel species-area relationship inference. Ecography 33: 420-424.
  110. Péron, G. Gimenez, O., Charmantier, A., Gaillard, J.-M. and P.-A. Crochet (2010). Age at the onset of senescence in birds and mammals is predicted by early-life performance. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 277: 2849–2856.
  111. Gimenez, O. and R. Choquet (2010). Incorporating individual heterogeneity in studies on marked animals using numerical integration: capture-recapture mixed models. Ecology 91: 951-957.
  112. Péron, G., Crochet, P.A.C., Choquet, R., Pradel, R., Lebreton, J.-D. and O. Gimenez. (2010). Capture-recapture models with heterogeneity to study survival senescence in the wild. Oïkos 119: 524-532. Appendix.
  113. Cubaynes, S. Pradel, R. Choquet, R. Duchamp, C. Gaillard, J.-M., Lebreton, J.-D., Marboutin, E., Miquel, C., Reboulet, A.-M., Poillot, C., Taberlet, P. and O. Gimenez. (2010). Importance of accounting for detection heterogeneity when estimating abundance: the case of French wolves. Conservation Biology 24: 621-626.
  114. Abadi, F., Gimenez, O., Arlettaz, R. and M. Schaub (2010). An assessment of integrated population models: bias, accuracy, and violation of the assumption of independence. Ecology 91: 7-14.
  115. Abadi, F., Gimenez, O., Ullrich, B., Arlettaz, R. and M. Schaub (2010). Estimation of immigration rate using integrated population models. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 393-400.
  116. Mihoub, J.-B., Gimenez, O., Pilard, P. and F. Sarrazin (2010). Challenging conservation of migratory species: Sahelian rainfalls drive first-year survival of the vulnerable Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni. Biological Conservation 143: 839-847.
  117. Gimenez, O., Grégoire, A. and T. Lenormand (2009). Estimating and visualizing fitness surfaces using mark-recapture data. Evolution. 63: 3097-3105. Codes.
  118. Choquet, R., Lebreton, J.-D., Gimenez, O., Reboulet, A.-M., and R. Pradel. (2009). U-CARE: Utilities for performing goodness of fit tests and manipulating CApture-REcapture data. Ecography. 32: 1071-1074.
  119. Kazakou, E., Violle, C, Roumet, C., Pintor, C., Gimenez, O. and E. Garnier. (2009). Litter quality and decomposability of species from a Mediterranean succession depend on leaf traits but not on nitrogen supply. Annals of Botany 104: 1151-1161
  120. Grosbois, V., Harris, M. P., Anker-Nilssen, T., McCleery, R. H., Shaw, D. N., Morgan, B.J.T. and O. Gimenez (2009). Modeling survival at multi-population scales using mark-recapture data. Ecology 90: 2922-2932. Codes.
  121. Guilhaumon, F., O. Gimenez, K. J. Gaston, and D. Mouillot (2008). Reply to Bode and Murdoch: A proper integration of species-area relationship uncertainties into return on investment analyses is needed. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106: E13
  122. Bischof, R., J. E. Swenson, N. G. Yoccoz, A. Mysterud, and O. Gimenez (2009). The magnitude and selectivity of natural and multiple anthopogenic mortality causes in hunted brown bears. Journal of Animal Ecology 78: 656-665.
  123. Mennerat, A., P. Perret, P. Bourgault, J. Blondel, O. Gimenez, D. W. Thomas, P. Heeb, M. M. Lambrechts (2009). Aromatic plants in nests of blue tits: positive effects on nestlings. Animal Behaviour 77: 569–574.
  124. Gimenez, O., S. Bonner, R. King, R. A. Parker, S.P. Brooks, L. E. Jamieson, V. Grosbois, B. J. T. Morgan, and L. Thomas (2009). WinBUGS for Population Ecologists: Bayesian Modeling Using Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods. In Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations. Thomson, D. L.; Cooch, E. G.; Conroy, M. J. (Eds.). Springer Series: Environmental and Ecological Statistics, Vol. 3, pages 883-915. Codes.
  125. Gimenez, O., Morgan, B.J.T. and S.P. Brooks (2009). Weak Identifiability in Models for Mark-Recapture-Recovery Data. In Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations. Thomson, D. L.; Cooch, E. G.; Conroy, M. J. (Eds.). Springer Series: Environmental and Ecological Statistics, Vol. 3, pages 1055-1067. Codes.
  126. Gimenez, O. and C. Barbraud (2009). The Efficient Semiparametric Regression Modeling of Capture-Recapture Data: Assessing the Impact of Climate on Survival of Two Antarctic Seabird Species. In Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations. Thomson, D. L.; Cooch, E. G.; Conroy, M. J. (Eds.). Springer Series: Environmental and Ecological Statistics, Vol. 3, pages 43-58.
  127. Borysiewicz, R.S., B.J.T. Morgan, V. Hénaux, T. Bregnballe, J-D. Lebreton, and O. Gimenez (2009). An Integrated Analysis of Multisite Recruitment, Mark-Recapture- Recovery and Multisite Census Data. In Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations. Thomson, D. L.; Cooch, E. G.; Conroy, M. J. (Eds.). Springer Series: Environmental and Ecological Statistics, Vol. 3, pages 579-591.
  128. Guilhaumon, F. O. Gimenez, K. J. Gaston, and D. Mouillot (2008). Taxonomic & regional uncertainty in species-area relationships and the identification of richness hotspots. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105: 15458–15463.
  129. Gimenez, O., A. Viallefont, A. Charmantier, R. Pradel, E. Cam, C. R. Brown, M. D. Anderson, M. Bomberger Brown, R. Covas, J.-M. Gaillard (2008). The risk of flawed inference in evolutionary studies when detectability is less than one. The American Naturalist. 172: 441–448.
  130. Gimenez,O. (2008). Discussion: Towards a Bayesian analysis template? The Canadian Journal of Statistics. 36: 21-24.
  131. Grosbois V., Gimenez O., Gaillard, J.-M., Pradel, R., Barbraud, C., Clobert, J., Møller, A. P. and H. Weimerskirch (2008). Assessing the impact of climate variation on survival in vertebrate populations. Biological Reviews 83: 357-399.
  132. Pradel, R., L. Maurin-Bernier, O. Gimenez, M. Genovart, R. Choquet, and D. Oro (2008). Estimation of sex-specific survival with uncertainty in sex assessment. The Canadian Journal of Statistics 36: 29-42.
  133. Charpentier, M.J.E., F. Prugnolle, O. Gimenez and A. Widdig (2008). Genetic heterozygosity and sociality in a primate species. Behavior Genetics 38: 151-158.
  134. Ghimire, S., Gimenez, O., Pradel, R., McKey, D., and Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas (2008). Demographic variation and population viability in a threatened Himalayan medicinal and aromatic herb (Nardostachys grandiflora): matrix modelling of harvesting effects in two contrasting habitats. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 41-51.
  135. Véran, S., Gimenez, O., Flint, E., Kendall, B., Doherty, P., and J.-D. Lebreton (2007). Quantifying the impact of longline fisheries on adult survival in the Black-footed Albatross. Journal of Applied Ecology 44: 942–952.
  136. Gimenez, O., V. Rossi, R. Choquet, C. Dehais, B. Doris, H. Varella, J.-P. Vila and R. Pradel (2007). State-space modelling of data on marked individuals. Ecological Modelling 206: 431-438. Codes.
  137. Schaub, M., Gimenez, O., Sierro, A. and R. Arlettaz (2007). Use of Integrated Modeling to Enhance Estimates of Population Dynamics Obtained from Limited Data. Conservation Biology 21: 945–955. Codes.
  138. Kazakou, E., E. Garnier and Gimenez, O. (2007). Contribution of leaf lifespan and nutrient resorption to mean residence time: an elasticity analysis. Ecology 88: 1857-1863.
  139. Pinay, G., B. Gumiero, E. Tabacchi, O. Gimenez, A.M. Tabacchi-Planty, M.M. Hefting, T.P. Burt, V.A. Black, C. Nilsson, V. Iordache, F. Bureau, L. Vought, G.E. Petts and H. Décamps. (2007). Patterns of denitrification rates in European alluvial soils under various hydrological regimes. Freshwater Biology 52: 252–266.
  140. Gimenez O., C. Crainiceanu, C. Barbraud, S. Jenouvrier and B.J.T. Morgan. (2006). Semiparametric regression in capture-recapture modelling. Biometrics 62: 691-698. Codes.
  141. Gimenez, O., R. Covas, C. R. Brown, M. D. Anderson, M. Bomberger Brown and T. Lenormand. (2006). Nonparametric estimation of natural selection on a quantitative trait using mark-recapture data. Evolution 60: 460-466. Codes.
  142. Charpentier M., Peignot P., Hossaert-McKey M., Gimenez O., Setchell J. and E.J. Wickings (2005). Constraints on control: factors influencing reproductive success in male mandrils (Mandrillus sphinx). Behavioral Ecology 16: 614-623.
  143. Do F.C., Goudiaby V.A., Gimenez O., Diagne A.L., Diouf M., Rocheteau A., Akpo L.E. (2005) Environmental influence on canopy phenology in the dry tropics Forest Ecology and Management. 215: 319-328.
  144. Gimenez O., Choquet R., Lamor L., Scofield P., Fletcher D., J.-D. Lebreton and R. Pradel (2005). Efficient Profile-Likelihood Confidence Intervals for Capture-Recapture Models. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics 10: 184-196.
  145. Pradel, R., Gimenez O. and J.-D. Lebreton (2005). Principles and interest of GOF tests for multistate capture-recapture models. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 28: 189–204.
  146. Ancrenaz M., Gimenez O., Ambu L., Ancrenaz K., Andau P., Goossens B., Payne J., Tuuga A. and I. Lackman- Ancrenaz (2005). Aerial Survey Gives New Estimates for Orang-utans in Sabah, Malaysia. Plos Biology 3: 30-37.
  147. Gimenez O., Viallefont A., Choquet R., Catchpole E.A. and B.J.T. Morgan (2004). Methods for investigating parameter redundancy. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 27: 561-572.
  148. Choquet R., Reboulet A.-M., Pradel R., Gimenez O. and J.-D. Lebreton (2004). M-SURGE: new software specically designed for multistate capture-recapture models. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 27: 207-215.
  149. Schaub M., Gimenez O., Schmidt B.R. and R. Pradel (2004). Estimating survival and temporary emigration in the multistate capture-recapture framework. Ecology 85: 2107-2113. Codes.
  150. Ancrenaz M., Goossens B., Gimenez O., Sawang A. and I. Lackman-Ancrenaz (2004). Determination of ape distribution and population size using ground and aerial surveys: a case study with orang-utans in lower Kinabatangan, Sabah, Malaysia. Animal Conservation 7: 375-385.
  151. Charpentier M., Hossaert-McKey M., Peignot P., Gimenez O., Setchell J.M. and E.J. Wickings (2004). Social factors and male reproductive success in a highly sexually dimorphic primate: Paternity analysis over a 20 year period in a group of mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx). Folia Primatologica 75: 244-245.
  152. Gimenez O., Choquet R. and J.-D. Lebreton (2003). Parameter redundancy in multistate capture-recapture models. Biometrical Journal 45: 704-722. Codes.
  153. Pradel R., Wintrebert C.M.A. and Gimenez O. (2003). A proposal for a goodness-of-fit test to the Arnason-Schwarz multisite capture-recapture model. Biometrics 59: 43-53.
  154. Besnard A., Gimenez O. and J.-D. Lebreton (2002). A model for the evolution of creching behaviour in gulls. Evolutionary Ecology 16: 489-503.

Books and book chapters

kenNewman, K.B., S.T. Buckland, B.J.T. Morgan, R. King, D.L. Borchers, D.J. Cole, P. Besbeas, O. Gimenez and L. Thomas (2014). Modelling Population Dynamics - Model Formulation, Fitting and Assessment using State-Space Methods. Springer.


ruthKing, R., B.J.T. Morgan, O. Gimenez, S.P. Brooks (2009). Bayesian Analysis of Population Ecology. CRC Press.


anneMorrissey, M.B., P. de Villemereuil, B. Doligez and O. Gimenez (2014). Bayesian approaches to the quantitative genetic analysis of natural populations. In Quantitative Genetics in the Wild, Editors: A. Charmantier, D. Garant, and L.E.B. Kruuk. Oxford University Press, pages 228-253.


andersGrosbois V. and O. Gimenez (2010). Capture-mark-recapture models. In Effects of Climate Change on Birds, Editors: A.P. Moller, W. Fiedler and P. Berthold, Oxford University Press, pages 39-46.


m2Lebreton, J.-D., E. Klein, O. Gimenez and F. Rousset (2010). Statistiques pour la biologie évolutive. In Biologie Evolutive, Editors: Thomas F, Lefèvre T & Raymond M. De Boeck Editions, pages 33-48.


mixtureRouan L., S. Cubaynes, C. Duchamp, C. Miquel, A.-.M. Reboulet, O. Gimenez, J.-D. Lebreton, R. Choquet and R. Pradel (2010). Modèles de mélange en capture-recapture. In Modèles à variables latentes et modèles de mélange, Editors: G. Saporta, J.J. Droesbeke and C. Thomas-Agnan, Editions Technip, pages 265-272.